Accelerating Text Mining Using Domain-Specific Stop Word Lists

December 10, 2020

Big Data 2020

  • Farah Alshanik
  • Amy Apon
  • Alexander Herzog
  • Ilya Safro
  • Justin Sybrandt

Text preprocessing is an essential step in text mining. Removing words that can negatively impact the quality of prediction algorithms or are not informative enough is a crucial storage-saving technique in text indexing and results in improved computational efficiency. Typically, a generic stop word list is applied to a dataset regardless of the domain. However, many common words are different from one domain to another but have no significance within a particular domain. Eliminating domain-specific common words in a corpus reduces the dimensionality of the feature space, and improves the performance of text mining tasks. In this paper, we present a novel mathematical approach for the automatic extraction of domain-specific words called the hyperplane-based approach. This new approach depends on the notion of low dimensional representation of the word in vector space and its distance from hyperplane. The hyperplane-based approach can significantly reduce text dimensionality by eliminating irrelevant features. We compare the hyperplane-based approach with other feature selection methods, namely \c{hi}2 and mutual information. An experimental study is performed on three different datasets and five classification algorithms, and measure the dimensionality reduction and the increase in the classification performance. Results indicate that the hyperplane-based approach can reduce the dimensionality of the corpus by 90% and outperforms mutual information. The computational time to identify the domain-specific words is significantly lower than mutual information.